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Europe had been present in South Africa since 1652, but the colonies and indigenous tribes really started to clash in the 19th century. Napoleon’s conquest of the Netherlands had left the Dutch colonists in a state of limbo in which the British claimed authority over them, even though their home was ruled by the French. Many of these settlers, known as the Boers, moved inland to escape British oversight and crowded into Zulus-owned land. Mpande, the new Zulu leader, tried to maintain peace between the British and Boers, but the contracts he negotiated on both sides only led to further conflicts. Eventually, his son Cetshwayo peacefully took power over the Zulus when Europeans discovered diamonds in South Africa. The British government became even more interested in South Africa and attempted to bribe or force the hesitant natives to operate the diamond mines set up by European mining companies. Secretary of State Lord Carnarvon, who was responsible for the unification of the colonies in Canada, set himself the task of uniting the South African colonies and appointed Henry Bartle Frere as his governor and representative. Bartle Frere removed the local government from Cape Town, which was largely sympathetic to the indigenous peoples and opposed its strict unification policy, and then made tough and deliberately impossible demands against the Zulu. Cetshwayo refused to accept these demands and began the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879.
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Extra history – First World War: The groundbreaking tragedy
The concert of Europe: http://bit.ly/1uLnt5X
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Total War: Rome II: Divide et Impera: http://bit.ly/1q4g4gP.